As a student in the CBSE Class 10 English curriculum, mastering grammar is essential for success. One topic that requires particular attention is subject-verb agreement.
Subject-verb agreement is the concept that the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number. This means that if the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular; if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural. For example, “The boy runs” is correct, but “The boy run” is not.
To ensure subject-verb agreement, it is crucial to identify the subject of the sentence. This can be tricky with more complicated sentence structures, but it is necessary for grammatical accuracy. Once the subject is identified, the verb must be chosen appropriately.
There are a few common situations where subject-verb agreement can be tricky:
1. Collective nouns: Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things, such as “team” or “audience.” When using a collective noun as the subject of the sentence, it can be singular or plural depending on whether the emphasis is on the group as a whole or the individuals within it. For example, “The team is playing well” is correct, but “The team are arguing amongst themselves” is also correct.
2. Indefinite pronouns: Indefinite pronouns, such as “everyone” or “somebody,” are singular and require singular verbs. For example, “Everyone is happy” is correct, but “Everyone are happy” is not.
3. Compound subjects: When there are multiple subjects in a sentence, they can be joined with “and” or “or.” If they are joined with “and,” the verb should be plural. If they are joined with “or,” the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. For example, “The cat and dog are playing” is correct, but “The cat or dog is playing” is also correct.
It is important to note that in the CBSE Class 10 English grammar curriculum, subject-verb agreement is tested in both the reading and writing sections of the examination. To prepare for this, it is essential to practice identifying subjects and choosing appropriate verbs.
Overall, mastering subject-verb agreement is a crucial step towards success in the CBSE Class 10 English curriculum. By understanding the rules and practicing with various sentence structures, students can ensure grammatical accuracy and improve their writing skills.